Postal Abbreviation: LA
Population 2018: 4,659,978
Legal Driving Age: 17
(*15 w/ Driver's Ed.)
Age of Majority: 18
Median Age: 35.8
State Song: “Give Me Louisiana”
Lyrics & Music: Doralice Fontane
Median Household Income:$46,710
Capital..... Baton Rouge
Entered Union..... Apr. 30, 1812 (18th)
Present Constitution Adopted: 1974
Nickname: Pelican State
“Union, Justice, and Confidence”
Origin of Name:
Named in honor of King Louis XIV
AGRICULTURE: cattle, chickens,
cotton, eggs, rice, soybeans, sweet
potato, sugarcane, wood.
MINING: Lignite, natural gas,
petroleum, salt, sulfur.
MANUFACTURING: chemicals, food
processing, lumber, machinery, metal
products, paper products, petroleum,
printing, transportation equipment.
Total Area: 49,650 sq. miles
Land area: 43,566 sq. miles
Water Area: 6,084 sq. miles
Geographic Center: Avoyelles
3 mi. SE of Marksville
Highest Point: Driskill Mountain
Lowest Point: New Orleans
Highest Recorded Temp.: 114˚ F (8/10/1936)
Lowest Recorded Temp.: –16˚ F (2/13/1899)
Louisiana is divided into two major geographic sections, the uplands and the southern lowlands. The lowlands include 20,000 square miles of swamps and coastal lowlands. The Mississippi River and its delta (which flow into the Gulf of Mexico South of New Orleans), have dominated the state.
New Orleans, 391,006
Baton Rouge, 221,599
Lake Charles, 71,993
Bossier City, 61,315
1541 Hernando scouted Louisiana and claimed it for Spain. Early the next year
he died and was buried in Louisiana.
1682 La Salle claimed the area for France.
1714 The first permanent settlement was made- a fort at Natchitoches.
1718 New Orleans was founded.
1762 Over the objections of the colonist Louisiana was ceded to Spain by
1803 The US takes possession of Louisiana territory under the terms of the
1804 The territory of Orleans is created.
1812 Louisiana enters the Union as the 18th state.
1815 The last battle of the War of 1812 is won by the General Andrew Jackson at
1861 Louisiana seceded from the union.
1862 A Union fleet commanded by Admiral David Farragut captured New
1935 Governor Huey Long was assassinated while running for President.
Louisiana National Sites
1) Chalmette National Historic Park
This park was the site of General Andrew Jackson’s victory over the British at the Battle of New Orleans.
2) Jean Lafitte National Historical Park
Located in downtown New Orleans this park preserves the elegance of old New Orleans.
3) Poverty Point National Monument
This 400 acre in northeastern Louisiana preserves the earthwork mounds of a prehistoric Indian city which flourished between from 1800 to 500 BC.