March 26th- Centcom Briefing
U.S. Army Soldiers from Bravo Company, 2nd Battalion, 23rd Infantry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division
March 26th Briefing
GEN. BROOKS: 'Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. 'I'm going to give you today's update, and afterwards we'll pause for questions.
Let me begin by saying the coalition continues Operation Iraqi Freedom on our sixth day since the coalition ground forces began their attack into Iraq. 'We remain on plan, and we're confident that we will accomplish our objectives.
The regime has shown its true colors in the recent days of fighting. 'The demonstrated brutality, the disregard for the laws of armed conflict, and most importantly, the repressive measures taken against the Iraqi population, are all quite clear.
Our men and women are demonstrating courage and resolve in removing this regime from power, and we are mindful of our own fallen comrades and their families.
The coalition is growing in strength and also in support, with now over 47 countries contributing to the operation. 'We're unified in purpose and in our commitment to achieving our aims.
As I've done before, I'd like to give you an update on our operations and then afterwards, as I mentioned, we'll proceed to questions.
Our attacks against the regime remain direct and we believe they are effective. 'And I've got five weapon-system video clips to show you today, and these were all taken within the last two days.
Let's bring up the first one, please.
(Video clip is shown.)'This is a bridge out in western Iraq, and there's a military vehicle that's positioned up underneath of it. You'll see it attacked. 'The weapon comes in from the far right, underneath the bridge, and the bridge remains intact afterwards.
(Video clip is shown.)'A multiple rocket launcher in the vicinity of An Najaf in central Iraq.
(Video clip is shown.)'A hardened air shelter near Karbala in central Iraq.
(Video clip is shown.)'The next one is a tank, also in Karbala, in a revetted position.
(Video clip is shown.)'And finally, a military headquarters building near Karbala.
Our direct attacks against regime command-control, communications and integrated air defense continue and included attacks against several targets of opportunity yesterday.
I've got two sets of images to show you today, and again I'll show you before-and-after images just to make it clear how we attack, where we attack, and to emphasize one more time how precise and deliberate we intend to be.
The first one that we'll bring up is an Iraqi Intelligence Service headquarters in Baghdad. 'On the image, you'll see the split in the road and the headquarters facilities really go on both sides of the road, but the right side of the split is really where the targets were located. '(Image is shown.)
I would say also it's within one block of a mosque, a school and a prison, in multiple directions on all sides.
The next image, please.
(Image is shown.)'The post-strike image shows an effective attack against the targeted facilities. 'And this is the split view that shows them both.
The next image is a brigade headquarters in the south of Baghdad. (Image is shown.)'This is a brigade camp that's about 20 miles outside of Baghdad, to the south. 'And the targeted facilities within it are the command buildings and one communications building. 'They are the intended targets, and they're highlighted by the blue arrows.
(Image is shown.)'And the split.
Our coalition Special Operations forces continue to set conditions for our conventional forces by calling in close air support on military targets, including last night the destruction of the Baath Party headquarters in As Samawa.
Our land component remains on track and had action at several places, and I'll highlight some of those to you this afternoon. 'Let's bring up this map, please. '(Map is shown.)'These are really the areas where much of the contact occurred in the last 24 hours. 'First, southeast of An Najaf, there were a series of engagements that occurred over the period of about three to four hours.
Coalition forces of U. S. Fifth Corps sustained a few damaged vehicles, and in turn inflicted significant damage on the Iraqi force.
Near An Nasiriyah, the First Marine Expeditionary Force gained control of a hospital that was in use as a paramilitary headquarters, staging area and storage area. 'Notably within the hospital, there were 200 weapons, Iraqi military uniforms, one tank, 3000 chemical protective suits, and nerve agent antidote injectors.
Our UK forces conducted aggressive patrols in the Al Faw area and in Umm Qasr to increase the security in those areas, and also conducted a raid that destroyed a Baath Party headquarters in Basrah. They continue to have success against the regulars in the area.
And our maritime component cleared the Khor Abdullah all the way up to the Port of Umm Qasr. 'That waterway is now open, and we intend to start moving vessels in as soon as possible to bring humanitarian supplies. 'And I'll talk about that in a moment.
We continue to talk about the importance of information and our efforts to communicate with the Iraqi people, and also with the Iraqi military. 'I have two leaflets to show you today that express what we've been communicating. '(Image of leaflets is shown.)
These are important leaflets, again, to inform the Iraqi people what must be done to protect them and how to stay away from coalition operations, since combat operations are inherently dangerous. 'It informs them to also go to the radio. 'And this is consistent with the radio broadcasts that we've had; a second one also, same sort of theme, and talks about Special Operations forces -- keep distance to remain safe.
We remain committed to preserving the rich culture and heritage and the resources of the Iraqi people. 'The regime continues to put them at risk. 'I've showed you before images of MiGs in cemeteries. Today I want to show you an image of military equipment positioned close to a very historic site.
Let's bring up the image.
(Image is shown.)'This is a part of the ruins of the place called Tesefon (ph). 'It's about 20 miles southeast of Baghdad on the banks of the Tigris River, and it is a site that has over 2, 000 years of history, and it's significant to a number of nations.
What you see with the yellow lines is military equipment, communications equipment, positioned right beside that. 'On top of the building, as the sign shows, this is marked with an international symbol of being an historic place.
Nevertheless, progress is being made daily by the coalition in our effort to preserve the resources vital to Iraq's future. Humanitarian supplies have been loaded and are moving on their way to Umm Qasr as we speak. 'The port is being prepared for reopening, and port workers have been invited to come back and begin work.
And I would also say that there are now -- in the Rumaila oil fields, there are now six wells that are on fire. 'Yesterday, one was put out with the aid of the Kuwaiti Oil Company.
And so I'll wrap this up at this point by re-emphasizing that we're committed, we're on track, and we remain sure of the final outcome.
With that, I'll take your questions. 'Kelly?
Q'One of our embedded reporters has described to us this morning that U. S. troops have encountered an Iraqi who was in a U. S. military uniform and strapped with explosives. 'That Iraqi was found already dead. 'Can you give us any information about other incidences like this? 'And how are U. S. and coalition troops prepared to deal with it?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Well, let me first say I had not heard that report, though I must say I'm not surprised by it. 'CENTCOM has already been on the record to say that we had information that this regime would seek to gain U. S. and UK uniforms in order to commit atrocities. 'And so if that's the report -- if that's true, I'm not at all surprised by that.
What I would say to you also, though, is it tells us about the tactics of this regime. 'We've begun to see that more and more over the last several days. 'The practices that have been conducted by these paramilitaries and by these others who are out there, sometimes in uniform, sometimes not in uniform, are more akin to the behaviors of global terrorists than they are to a nation. 'And that certainly is in our mind at this time.
Q'General Brooks, Tom Mintier, CNN. 'There is information out there that the bridges leading into Baghdad may have been set with explosives. 'What can you tell us about intelligence that you're getting about the approaches to Baghdad being like that?
GEN. BROOKS: 'We've heard the same kind of reports. 'And when I join that type of report with what I showed you yesterday, the oil trenches that were deliberately built inside of Baghdad and set aflame already, I'm not -- again, I'm not at all surprised that that would be the case.
We have heard reports about bridges being mined -- correction; bridges being rigged with demolitions is the more appropriate way to describe that -- in several parts of town. 'And it just reminds us that this regime will go to extraordinary lengths to protect itself. The first set, by the way, separated Saddam City from where the majority of the regime's work is.
Q'Iraq is reporting today of a missile attack on a residential section of Baghdad that killed 14 civilians. 'Can you confirm that and tell us what went wrong? 'And secondly, on Sunday the coalition forces attacked a bridge in western Iraq that killed five civilians. 'And I'm wondering why the bridge was attacked when I thought the goal was not to destroy Iraq's infrastructure.
GEN. BROOKS: 'Well, first, I'm not aware -- I had heard this report that you're saying; it's in the media right now. 'We don't have a report that corroborates that, and so I can't confirm it.
What I can tell you is, as I've shown you on a regular basis, we have a very, very deliberate process for targeting. 'It's unlike any other targeting process in the world. 'It takes into account all science. 'It takes into account all capability. 'And we do everything physically and scientifically possible to be precise in our targeting and also to minimize secondary effects, whether it's on people or on structures.
As to the bridge in the west, we know that that's an area where the regime has in the past positioned weapons that can reach neighboring countries. 'And, as I showed in the earlier video clip, will hide military vehicles underneath of those bridges. 'Our efforts, in that case, were related to destroying what was beneath the bridge.
Please, over here.
Q'(Off mike) -- from AFP -- (inaudible) -- Qatar. 'Well, now it's almost one week since the war started, and many hundred of civil Iraqians have been killed by coalition bombs. 'Well, do you think that it will help Iraqi people to believe you and to trust you, to believe that you are coming to emancipate them?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Thanks for the question. 'First, I don't accept the premise of the question, which says that the civilians have been killed by coalition bombs. 'I just don't accept that. 'What we have seen over the last several days is Iraqi citizens being marched out in front of irregular formations while they are firing. 'Iraqi civilians are being killed on the battlefield by Iraqis. 'I can't make that point more strongly than I've just done it.
Q'Sir, a few days ago General Franks stood here and said this was a platform for truth, not propaganda. 'To that end, when will you show us pictures of what happens when precision bombs don't go where they are supposed to, when they fail to hit their designated targets, or if they fail to go off at all? 'And will you also provide us with a running audit of the effectiveness of these weapons? 'That is, the number that succeed, the numbers that miss, and the ones that don't go off. 'And, if you don't doesn't that expose you to the charge that this is more propaganda than truth?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Well, I can certainly assure you, having been up here each one of the days and each one of the briefings that this is a platform for truth. 'I cannot say that about everything that you are seeing from platforms in other countries or in other areas. 'We certainly have seen different approaches to informing the media. We've got a wide open discussion with you on a daily basis. 'We have embedded media so that the truth does come out. 'And we believe we are being very consistent with that.
Q'Tom Feneman (ph), CBS News. 'If I may follow up on that, we've been getting terrific snapshots from our embedded correspondents, but we were told we would then get the big picture here from this podium. 'And instead we have been getting snapshot videos, vague generalities, broader timeline -- that doesn't surprise me. Can you give us a little more of the big picture without telling us more than the Iraqis already know? 'For example, how many thrusts are there towards Baghdad? 'Are there two? 'Are there multiple?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Well, it's a fair question. 'And I will tell you this: 'First we have to preserve the security of the operation. That's our first priority, and we are going to do that. 'Operations are ongoing. 'We have forces that are arrayed throughout all of Iraq at this point. 'And, so, if you are someone in the regime wondering where it's going to come from, the answer is it is going to come from everywhere. 'I'm not going to put very specific terms on exactly what thrust, exactly what unit. 'It's just not prudent for us to do that.
Q'Kevin Donnough (ph) of ITV News.
GEN. BROOKS: 'Sir?
Q'Kevin Donnough (ph) of ITV News. 'General, the pictures from this morning's bombing in Baghdad have already gone around the world. 'You've already seen them yourself. 'You must be able to give us some reaction to them and some knowledge, at least preliminary, of what happened, which bombs were dropped, and why it went wrong.
GEN. BROOKS: 'Well, I honestly cannot. 'We don't know that those were ours. 'We can't say that we had anything to do with that at this point. 'Once we have more information, we will be on the record about anything that happens in that way.
Q'General, Jeff Meade (sp) of Sky News. 'Can I ask you to talk about Basra a little bit? 'There was a lot of excitement, particularly among the British military, last night, at this apparent uprising. 'Now, has that happened? 'Was it wishful thinking? 'And do you understand that the people of Basra may be reluctant after what happened last time to rebels until they see coalition troops in their city supporting them? 'And isn't this a reluctance to commit forces, putting allies of your own troops before the civilians in Basra?
GEN. BROOKS: 'What we saw in Basra last night is a very confusing situation to say the least. 'We saw first fighting happening with the city between Iraqis -- some of them in uniform, some not in uniform. We also saw a significant degree of violent activity done by paramilitaries shooting into the town of Basra, with mortars primarily -- again a disregard for the people living there.
The U. K. forces in that area were already conducting operations to try to block off the town and prevent any reinforcements from moving in and out of the town. 'And we have seen some movement of paramilitaries on the road from the north. 'They were effective in that, and also ended up providing some counterfire support against those mortars that were being fired into the town.
So we would hope that, first, it's clear to us that the people of Basra have had about enough of what the regime is doing to them. 'And that's what we think we saw last night. 'And, secondly, we remain committed to their liberation, not to their destruction.
Q'General, Mohammad el-Misal (ph), (Gulf News?). 'Do I understand that the bad weather may lead to some of your bombs going wrong and hitting residential areas?
Second part of question: 'Does the bad weather today affect your overall operations? 'Thanks.
GEN. BROOKS: 'Well, let me start by saying that as a matter of practice in military operations, we always consider the effects of weather, and that happens from the lowest level to the highest level. Daily, we analyze what the weather is going to be and what the impacts would be. 'And, in some cases it's as technical as deciding down at the lower end exactly how many charges you put on an artillery round before you fire it, because of the barometric effects and the temperature effects, all the way up to, should we fly? 'If so, with what aircraft? 'Should we use a certain weapon system versus another? I can tell you that our operations that continued over the last several days took weather into account and continued in spite of it. Were we concerned with a loss of precision, we would not have conducted operations.
So I am satisfied that we have done all that we can do, again, to remain precise, remain on the plan, and attack those targets that were necessary for us.
Let me come back over to the left, please.
Q'David Lee Miller (sp), Fox News. 'General, during the past few days we have seen Patriot batteries strike a number of missiles, incoming missiles. 'Can you tell us what type of missiles the Iraqis are using and whether or not these were the weapons prohibited by the United Nations and the weapons they claimed they didn't have?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Yes. 'What we are seeing is a variance of the Ababil-100 and the Al Samoud missiles. 'That's generally what they are. 'In some cases we can't necessarily specify which it is, but we have had about 10 missiles fired at this point in time, all of which oriented towards Kuwait, a neighboring country. 'Those that have been threatening have all been shot down by Patriot missile systems.
What is interesting is that out of those missiles several of them have been well beyond 150 kilometers. 'One missile flew extremely long and went into the north Arabian Gulf, and went in the water at about 190 kilometers.
Q'General, Danelle Balfour for CTV (ph) News, Canada. 'If it wasn't a coalition strike on the market, then what was it in Baghdad?
GEN. BROOKS: 'I just -- I can't say. 'I don't know. 'And when we find out we will try to determine it. 'What I can tell you about our process though is if we have any concern that we may have had an error -- and it's a fair question about what happens when we have a mistake, and mistakes can occur -- when we have something like that, we will go back and examine flight paths, weapons release, what the circumstances were, and try to determine whether or not we had an impact on something like that. 'Right now we just simply don't know.
Please, over here.
Q'William Heightsen (ph), Swiss Television. 'When is -- (inaudible) -- the first visit of the Red Cross -- (off mike)?
GEN. BROOKS: 'We have made coordination with the Red Cross. 'I don't know the specific date. 'I think it will be at their earliest convenience at this point now that we have made the initial contacts for them to come and be able to visit any prisoners we have. 'We are very open about the treatment of our prisoners. 'I don't know the date though.
Q'How many prisoners -- (inaudible)?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Without getting too precise, I would say we are over 4, 000 at the current time.
Please, up on the right. 'Second row.
Q'(Off mike) -- News Agency of China. 'U. S. troops and coalition forces have advanced well, as you said, and the troops are close to Baghdad. 'And reports said it's impossible for Iraq to have -- to possess mass weapons of destruction -- mass destruction of weapons or to use the weapons in or around the Baghdad area, because it's also dangerous for the Iraqi troops. 'What's your idea of it?
GEN. BROOKS: 'We remain convinced this regime has not only the means but also the will to use weapons of mass destruction. 'What we found last night inside of that hospital reinforces our concern in that regard. 'The danger does increase, we believe, as we approach Baghdad. 'But we are well prepared to deal with the potential use of chemical weapons. 'We vaccinated and inoculated soldiers and sailors and Marines to the potential use. 'We have detection equipment. 'We have protective equipment. 'So all that we can do we have done to this point to ensure that we can continue our operations. 'Our objective is beyond that. 'The regime must go, and Iraq must be disarmed, and that's our ultimate outcome.
Please, second row.
Q'Frederic Pastel (ph), BBC French Service. 'Because of these protective chemical weapons uniforms you found, are you enhancing the campaign of leaflets and radio. 'And are you reaching the Baghdad area with this campaign?
GEN. BROOKS: 'We do communicate throughout all of Iraq at this point. I mentioned yesterday that we have been on five different radio frequencies, operating 24 hours a day since the 17th of February. 'Our coverage goes over all of Iraq, and we try to communicate with as much of the population as we can to tell them about things. 'We have not announced any weapons of mass destruction use or any of that sort of thing at this point in time.
Please, in the front row.
Q'Sir, Neal Karlinsky (ph) with ABC News. 'We've heard very little coming out of western Iraq. 'I believe one Scud launcher has been found. 'What can you tell us about the ongoing Scud hunt, and to what degree at this point you control the west?
GEN. BROOKS: 'We are having very good success, we believe, in the west to limit the options of the regime on threatening its neighbors. We know historically that is an area that such activities have occurred. 'We know that there are potential places to hide them out in that area. 'So we have been very aggressive with primarily coalition special operations forces throughout the west to prevent the use of those long-range weapons threatening neighboring countries.
Up on the left, please.
Q'Ignacio Jarillo (ph) from -- (inaudible) -- Radio Network, Spanish Network. 'Why did you think the Iraqi TV is a military target, because there are a lot of civilians working inside I guess? 'Thank you.
GEN. BROOKS: 'We only target things that have military significance. As we examine the different parts of the regime and how it communicates, how it issues orders, how it controls, all these things go into our calculus of what we'll strike and when we'll strike. That's the reason.
So this is something that is used by the regime to do the things that are necessary to issue instructions to regime forces.
Q'Nicole Westfield (ph) from Associated Press. 'There are some intelligence reports, I think, that there are several thousand Republican Guards coming south from Baghdad, coming around to Nasiriyah. 'I'm wondering if, at this point, can you acknowledge that you're not only dealing now with sporadic pockets of resistance or sporadic firing, but serious walls of resistance coming down from Baghdad?
And also an update, please, on the situation in Nasiriyah. 'What do you control? 'What have you secured? 'Have you got some bridges? Which side of the river are you on? 'And we were waiting for a casualty toll, I think, yesterday from the previous night's firefight. Do you have that?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Let me first talk about the situation south of Baghdad and headed down in the Karbala and Najaf areas. 'We certainly know about the attack that occurred on the flank of a unit south of An Najaf. 'I mentioned that in the opening remarks. 'And that attack was seriously repulsed with significant damages to the attacking Iraqi force.
We've not seen any significant movements of the types of forces you described from in and around Baghdad. 'There have been some local positionings. 'There have been some survival positions, but not serious attacks. 'And we certainly remain, we believe, well in control of the situation at hand.
You had a last part to that question.
Q'Around Nasiriyah, there were some casualties two nights ago, I believe. 'And we hadn't gotten an update on the number. 'The Iraqis were saying eight.
GEN. BROOKS: 'As a matter of practice, we just aren't going to announce numbers of casualties. 'I can tell you, any losses we've had have been very, very small.
Last night, for example, we ended up -- in the exchange in Nasiriyah, where we went into the hospital and took it away from a headquarters, over 107 EPWs, enemy prisoners of war, were taken at that point in time. 'The exchange is very much in our favor in each one of these encounters.
Q'Omar Adisari (ph), Al Jazeera Satellite Channel. 'First of all, sir, I'd like to talk about some of the images and videos that you show -- brigade headquarters, intelligence headquarters. 'And you also spoke about Baath Party headquarters. 'Why do you have reason to believe that these places haven't been already evacuated? 'And how worried are you about the prospect of a protracted siege of Baghdad? Thank you.
GEN. BROOKS: 'The timing of our attacks is associated when we believe the necessary effect is to be achieved. 'And these headquarters are all parts of the regime and its military forces and those forces that support it.
I can say that we're very comfortable in the timing. 'We're very comfortable in some cases the time of day that we do our work to ensure that we have the desired effect.
As to our concerns about a siege, right now our operations are not designed to be a siege. 'And we're comfortable that we remain on the plan that lets us do what we need to do and accomplish the objective in a way that needs to be accomplished.
Is there a follow-up on that?
Q'I mean, the Iraqi leadership is dug in in Baghdad. 'How do you intend to get them out of there?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Well, you've seen some of our attacks against the regime command-and-control facilities. 'So they're not dug in in those places; I can tell you that.
Please, in the back.
Q'(Inaudible.)'The U. N. and aid organizations have stated that an almost non-significant number of refugees have attempted to cross the borders. 'That's probably strange, since there is a humanitarian crisis. 'So I'd like your take on that, and also if you could tell us how much your appeal for people to stay off the roads is weighing in this situation.
GEN. BROOKS: 'We think we're having some effect at causing people to stay off the roads, and we believe that that keeps them protected. There's a lot of military activity ongoing out there, as you're well aware. 'And we think that they're best protected when they stay where they are.
The liberation is coming. 'And the good news is that there have not been large humanitarian flows or refugee flows that create humanitarian crises. 'We have concerns about places like Basra, though, where water has been turned off and only recently turned back on, and the impact of what the regime has done to some of its own towns.
In the center, please.
Q'(Inaudible) -- ABC News. 'Sir, you just said that coalition forces have now secured more than 4, 000 Iraqi EPWs. 'But is there an instance or will there be an instance where these Iraqis will ever be denied POW status and instead be designated as battlefield detainees, as occurred in Afghanistan?
And my second question is, Iraqi civilians will probably die. 'We don't know how many or if any have died thus far in the war. 'If they do die and if it is determined that they died because of a coalition force bomb or a horrendous accident by coalition forces, will the coalition forces provide financial compensation for their families?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Well, first, let me talk about enemy prisoners of war and our approach to them. 'As I mentioned, the numbers are up over 4, 000. 'We continue to take care of those enemy prisoners of war, in some cases providing lots of medical support if they require that. You saw some images on television today of an evacuation off the battlefield, with coalition forces carrying off wounded Iraqis, regardless of their status. 'And that's the way we approach our operations. 'It's just the way we are.
As to characterizations of them at some point in time, it's really difficult for me to say that at this point. 'We have made no policy decision that would change the way we're handling those that we take into our custody as a result of military operations on the battlefield.
And as to the second part, that's certainly not something for this command to make a determination for compensations.
In the center back, please.
Q'I'm interested in the visual record, the extent of the visual record that you've been showing for the last number of days on a selective basis. 'How much is there? 'Is every attack, every bombing attack, filmed? 'Where does this record reside? 'How much are you willing to release, and on what basis and on what time schedule?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Not all of our weapons have the ability to do what you've seen here in terms of recording the image. 'Some of them come afterwards, when we try to make a determination of how effective we were.
Q'Give me a range, though. 'Is it 50 percent, 90 percent, 20 percent?
GEN. BROOKS: 'It really varies, depending on where we are in the operation. 'For example, some of our initial operations in Baghdad weren't done by things that have cameras on them. 'And so I don't have a good number for you. 'There's not a central repository of this. 'And many of these images are declassified for public release. 'And that's how we end up going through the process.
Please, in the third row in the back.
Q'Bob Roberts (ph) from the Daily Mirror. 'There are reports this morning that you've ordered a change of tactic to get your troops to concentrate on paramilitaries rather than regular forces. 'Are those true? 'And, if so, do they not show that we're in for the long haul rather than the short war?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Well, I will reiterate that we are on plan. 'We know what we're doing at this point in time. 'We're comfortable with how the battle is progressing. 'We're on our time line.
We do have some pockets of resistance that require attention, and we're dealing with those. 'And that will continue. 'But it does not hinder our ultimate aim. 'It doesn't change our time line and it doesn't change the ultimate outcome.
Let me go straight in the back here, please.
Q'General, how much of your weaponry -- Michael Kearns (sp), Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 'How much of your weaponry uses depleted uranium? 'And what are your concerns about the effects of that on Iraqi civilians?
GEN. BROOKS: 'There's a very small portion of our munitions that use depleted uranium. 'And there have been lots of studies on what the actual hazards are from depleted uranium. 'When depleted uranium hits something, it's the residue from that that has any possible hazard at all, and that requires close personal ingestion in order to have an effect.
We believe that the way we do our operations is as safe as can be done for combat action and does not create the kind of hazard that may have been thought about in the past.
Please, over in the third row here.
Q'Hi. '(Inaudible) -- Phoenix Satellite TV in Hong Kong. This war (talks about?) humanity a lot. 'And according to a Russian radio station, the U. S. Vice President Dick Cheney's daughter Elizabeth is on her way to Baghdad to join an anti-war group who use themselves as human shields to defend further aggression from coalition. 'What do you have to say to the innocent civilian people who are willing to risk their own lives in hopes to stop this war? Thank you.
GEN. BROOKS: 'First, we'd say that our efforts are, in fact, to liberate the Iraqi people and free them from the types of brutality that we've seen exhibited over the last several days.
People have a number of things that they believe in and they make their own choices. 'It's a very dangerous place, and it is ill-advised to go to the kind of area that Baghdad is right now with the regime and its activities, things like the fires, things like the bridges being rigged for demolition. 'It's not well-advised. 'But people have their choices to make, and that's the way it goes from there.
Our approach to it will be, regardless of who the civilians are, we'll take every effort to try to minimize the potential effects on them. 'That's the best we can do. 'Unfortunately, there may be civilian casualties in the prosecution of war.
Please, third row.
Q'(Inaudible) -- Abu Dhabi Television. 'Regarding the weather, do you think you made the wrong decision by fighting in these circumstances and it would have been better to wage the war pretty much earlier? 'And secondly, how close you are from Baghdad?
GEN. BROOKS: 'We, as I mentioned before, have the ability to operate through a variety of weather circumstances, and we take weather into account for all of our operations. 'At this point in time the timing of the operation is not driven by weather.
The start of the operation, as you've heard said on the record in a number of places, was not driven by weather. 'We can operate day and night in good weather and in bad weather. 'Some of our capabilities are impacted, but our entire operation is not. 'And I'm simply not going to tell you how close we are to Baghdad.
Last in the back -- in the blue shirt, please.
Q'Hi. 'Tom Perry (sp) with CBC Radio. 'Can you tell me how many of the bombs that you're dropping on Iraq are not hitting their targets?
GEN. BROOKS: 'I don't know that we've done a measurement of that. What I can tell you is, after every attack, when we go back to examine whether we achieved the desired effect, if something is missed, it's always within an error rate that we calculate inside of the initial plan for the attack.
Some of them we attack again if we don't hit. 'If we didn't achieve the desired effect, we'll go back. 'And that does happen on some occasions. 'But I don't know what the number is, and perhaps we can get that information to you and feed it back.
In the second row, please.
Q'Yeah, -- (inaudible) -- Marshall (ph), Los Angeles Times. You say the Umm Qasr waterway is clear. 'Your British colleagues indicate that they've still got another couple of days worth of mine clearance to do. 'Can you clarify that seeming contradiction?
And you say that you don't know whether the bomb that struck the Baghdad market is one of yours. 'What other options are there?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Well, first, let me say the Umm Qasr port mine clearing operations have been ongoing for several days and our report today is that we have succeeded in clearing from the southern part of the Khor Abdullah all the way up to Umm Qasr, and also in the port itself. 'And so that's the latest information we have as we know it.
As to what happened inside of Baghdad, again, we've seen people wearing U. S. uniforms, as you've reported, strapped with explosives. We've seen irregulars marching people in the street, in front of them, as they fire on coalition forces. 'We've seen buses following tank columns that empty out and have people with weapons engaging in combat. 'We've seen a number of things that tell us that what meets the eye always is not necessarily what is true.
In the back, please.
I'm sorry, in the purple shirt -- you were up first.
GEN. BROOKS: 'All right.
Q'Luc Carmen (sp), -- (inaudible) -- Television, Paris. 'How come you are still using depleted-uranium rounds, since we know that they are causing health problems, including cancers, to the civilian populations and to the military operation?
GEN. BROOKS: 'I think that's probably overstated, and we've done lots of analysis and scientific work, and we believe that we're still safe with what we use. That's simply the way it is. 'All right?
In the back, with the green shirt, please.
Q'Arthur Rimes (sp), Houston Chronicle. 'Your lines of supply are getting increasingly longer as you get closer to Baghdad. 'Are you having to pull units away to protect those lines of supply from guerrillas, and are you going to need the arrival of some of these forces that are in transit to protect those lines of supply before you can make an assault on Baghdad?
GEN. BROOKS: 'The security throughout operations is something that every commander has to consider whenever operations are ongoing. And we have certainly penetrated a great depth inside of Iraq at this point. 'We maintain security throughout and, as commanders see a need to adjust their security on their lines of communication or around their positions, they do so. 'We're comfortable that our commanders know exactly what they're doing and will accomplish whatever they need to and make whatever adjustments are necessary to keep security as it should be and keep the lines open.
Frankly, one of the great stories of our operations so far is the logistics and how well those have flowed and how well we've been able to protect it and keep things going.
Let me go for the first row, please.
Q'Nicholas Witchell, BBC. 'Can I bring you back to the situation in Basra? 'Last night your colleague the British chief of staff, General Peter Wall, said that you want to give, quote, "every encouragement" to the people of Basra to rise up. 'What undertaking specifically can you give to the people of Basra that if they do rise up, you will give them full military support, including the use of ground troops, perhaps?
GEN. BROOKS: 'I think, as to how we will assist those who are trying to remove the regime themselves, which we certainly believe is their future, it's too early for me to say exactly what methods would be used to do that.
We do know, just like last night, that mortar fire was used from U. K. forces to counter mortar fires being used by Iraqi forces into the Iraqi population. 'That's just one example. 'And it certainly shows that there's a commitment ensuring that there is in fact liberation at (sic) the result of this operation.
Go with this side, please. 'How about the second row? 'In the black suit.
Q'Do you have any update on whether the International Red Cross has actually been able to reach American POWs?
GEN. BROOKS: 'I don't have any information on that at this point in time.
And (the fourth row?).
Q'Ahmed Al-Makia-Al-Hayet (sp), LBC. 'General, do you think entering and controlling Baghdad by U. S. forces is an easy matter? 'If yes, why and how?
GEN. BROOKS: 'We've never said that this would be an easy operation. 'We have always said that we're certain in the outcome, and that remains the case. 'Our forces are very well trained. 'They're very capable. 'It's a robust force that can operate in all dimensions -- air, land, sea. 'We have special operations capability that enhances that and makes it possible for us to be successful. 'We will ultimately achieve our aims, and there's no question about that, and there's no doubt.
Red shirt, please.
Q'Can you tell us what -- (off mike)? 'And can you confirm that it's not been used yet, but is it possible that it's going to be used --
GEN. BROOKS: 'I don't know what it is, and so I just can't address it. 'I've heard talks about it, but I don't know anything about that. 'So --
In the back, with the blue shirt, please, in the glasses.
Q'(Name off mike) -- from French Television. 'Can you tell us about what's happened in the north on the Kurdish border? 'We heard that there is a bombardment. 'One, are you going to open a new front? 'And what happened there?
GEN. BROOKS: 'The primary effort that we have in the north right now is to ensure that, first, we have a degree of stability that's ongoing. 'We have coalition special operations forces that are doing a lot of good work up in the north. 'The Iraqi regime forces have in some cases tried to attack, with fires, primarily, into the Kurdish autonomous area, and we have responded with close air support and a number of other attacks as well, and they've been very effective, just as they have been throughout the country.
I think we have time for one more.
Let's see, right here in the center.
Q'It's Paul Hunter with Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Just back to this -- the questions about the video that you've been showing. 'To be clear, so are you saying that you don't have a single example on the video of a bomb hitting a wrong target or missing its target? 'And if you do have any, when will they be shown?
GEN. BROOKS: 'Well, again, what I'm showing you is our approach to precision and the effects that we're achieving. 'Our effects do not achieve to the level of perfection. 'That's never happened in the history of warfare, and I'm certainly not going to try to tell you that that's happened now. 'And so, as I mentioned, we do re-attacks when we see something that we want to achieve a desired effect and haven't, which tells you that there's always a degree of effectiveness that you have to measure.
And what I've shown you here thus far is successful attacks. 'I don't have images of unsuccessful attacks, and at some point in time perhaps we'll show those in the future. 'But we'll see in the coming days on that.
Q'Well couldn't someone make a special request for those? (Laughter.)
GEN. BROOKS: 'It's an interesting question, but I don't think we're going to do that at this point. 'But we'll certainly remain truthful, and that's how we've been thus far, and we'll continue to do so.
Okay, thanks very much, ladies and gentlemen. 'Good afternoon.