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South Carolina

 

 

Basic Information

Postal Abbreviation: SC
Natives: South Carolinian

Population 2019 5,184,714
Legal Driving Age: 16
Age of Majority: 18
Median Age: 37.9

State Song: “Carolina”
Lyrics: Henry Timrod
Music: Anne Custis Burgess

 

Median Household Income:$51,015

Capital..... Columbia
Entered Union..... May 23, 1788 (8th)

Present Constitution Adopted: 1895

Nickname: Palmetto State
Keystone of the South

Motto:
“Animis opibusque parati” (prepared in mind and resources) and “Dum spiro spero” (While I breathe, I hope)

Origin of Name:
Named in honor of King Charles I and King Charles II of England.

 

 

 

 

 

 

USS South Carolina

Railroad Stations
 

 

South Carolina Economy

AGRICULTURE: cattle, chickens, corn,
cotton, eggs, fruit, milk, soybeans,
tobacco, vegetables.

MINING: gold, sand and gravel, stone.

MANUFACTURING: chemicals, clothing,
electrical equipment, metal products,
machinery, paper products, textiles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


South Carolina Geography

Total Area: 31,189 sq. miles
Land area: 30,111 sq. miles
Water Area: 1,078 sq. miles
Geographic Center: Richland
13 mi. SE of Columbia
Highest Point: Sassafras Mountain
(3,560 ft.)
Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean
(sea level)
Highest Recorded Temp.: 111˚ F (6/28/1954)
Lowest Recorded Temp.: –19˚ F (1/21/1985)

The eastern boundary of the state is the Atlantic Ocean. The area around the coast is called by the low country. As you move in a westerly direction the land slowly rises to rolling hills. The hills five way to the Blue Ridge Mountains.

 

 

 

Cities

Columbia, 133,451
Charleston , 136,208
North Charleston, 97,471
Rock Hill, 74,309
;Greenville, 68,563
;Sumter, 40,524
Florence 37,056
,Spartanburg, 37,013
;Goose Creek, 35,938
;Aiken, 29,524

South Carolina History

1566 A Spanish settlement was established at Hilton Head.
1670 Charels Town was established.
1712 The two Carolinas become separate colonies.
1776 Colonel William Moultire defends Fort Sullivan against the British fleet.
1780 Charles Town was captured by the British. In August British troops defeat
American troops at Camden. In October the British and Loyalists were
defeated at the Battle of Kings Mountain.
1781 American troops defeat the British at the Battle of Cowpens. In September
American troops lose the battle of Eutaw Springs.
1783 Charles Town is renamed Charleston.
1788 South Carolina became the 8th state to ratify the constitution.
1832 A South Carolina state convention voted to nullify the Tariff act. They were
forced to back down by President Jackson.
1860 South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union.
1861 Confederate troops fired on the Federal Fort- Ft Sumter in Charleston
Harbor, thus beginning the Civil War.
1865 Troops under General Sherman burn Columbia.
1869 When the South Carolina Legislature met over half the lower house was
African American.
1951 The United States Atomic Energy Commission opens the Savannah River
Plant to manufacture plutonium for use in Atomic weapons.

 

 

 

Famous People

Bernard Baruch
James F. Byrnes
John C. Calhoun
Mark Clark
Joe Frazier
Andrew Jackson
Jesse Jackson
Eartha Kitt
Ronald McNair
John Rutledge
Strom Thurmond
William Westmoreland

 

South Carolina National Sites

1) Congareen Swamp National Monument
The park is the last old growth hardwood forest in the Southeast. The park has 22 miles of trail for exploring.

2) Cowpens National Battlefield
A decisive victory of the Continental army over the British on January 17, 1781 took place here. British losses at the battle included 110 killed, 200 wounded and 500 captured as opposed to only 12 American deaths.

3) Kings Mountain National Military Park
This 3,945 park was the location of the battle of Kings Mountain which took place on October 7, 1780.