Postal Abbreviation: GA
Popuylation. 2018: 10,519,475
Legal Driving Age: 18
(16 w/ Driver's Ed.)
Age of Majority: 18
Median Age: 33.3
State Song: “Georgia On My Mind”
Lyrics: Stuart Gorrell
Music: Hoagy Carmichael
Median Household Income:$52,977
Entered Union..... Jan. 2, 1788 (4th)
Present Constitution Adopted: 1977
Nickname: Peach State
Empire State of the South
“Wisdom, Justice and Moderation”
Origin of Name:
Named in honor of King George II
AGRICULTURE: Apples, cattle,
blueberries, eggs, milk, potatoes,
MINING: Gemstones, sand and gravel,
MANUFACTURING: electronics, food
processing, leather products, ships,
Total Area: 59,441 sq. miles
Land area: 57,919 sq. miles
Water Area: 1, 522 sq. miles
Geographic Center: Twiggs County
18 mi. SE of Macon
Highest Point: Brasstown Bald,
Towns-Union County (4,784 ft.)
Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean
Highest Recorded Temp.: 113˚ F (3/27/1978)
Lowest Recorded Temp.: -17˚ F (1/27/1940)
The Blue Ridge Mountains traverse the northern part of the state. A flat coastal plateau extends below the mountains. The majority of the state's population lives in this flat terrain.
Athens-Clarke County, 115,452;
Sandy Springs, 93,853;
Johns Creek, 76,728
1540 Hernando de Soto explores Georgia
1566 Spanish build a fort on Santa Catalina Island
1721 Fort King George was established at the mouth of the Altahma River
1732 King George II signed a charter giving James Edward Ogethorpe control
over the land between the Savannah and Althamaha Rivers.
1733 Olgethorpe led the first settlers to Georgia. They founded Savannah.
1774 Georgia fails to send delegates to the first continental congress
1776 Georgia sends delegates to the second who sign the Declaration of
1778 Savannah is captured by the British.
1793 Eli Whitney invents the Cotton Gin near Savannah.
1819 The SS Savannah become the first steamship to sail the Atlantic.
1831 The Supreme Court rejected the Cherokee plea against the Indian Removal
Act and the next year they were forced to migrate to Oklahoma.
1861 George seceded from the Union.
1863 The Confederates win the Battle of Chickamauga.
1864 Union forces under the command of General Sherman captured Atlanta.
He then began his march to the sea.
1886 Coca-Cola is invented in Atlanta.
1937 Margaret Mitchell wins the Pulitzer prize for writing Gone with the Wind.
1968 Reverend Martin Luther King Jr was buried in Atlanta.
Martin Luther King
Georgia National Sites
1) Andersonville National Historic Site
This is the site of the most notorious civil war prison camp. 12,912 Union prisoners died during the 14 months that it was open.
2) Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park
The site of the two of most difficult battles of the Civil War.
3) Fort Frederica National Monument
Located on Saint Simon island, this english fort was a major base for the English in the early part of the 18th century
4) Fort Pulaski National Monument
Built after the War of 1812, Fort Pulaski fell to union forces early in the Civil War. The fort today serves as a monument to the Civil War period.
5) Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
One of the last battled on the road to Atlanta was fought here. The Confederates held there ground, but Sherman sent his troops on a flanking maneuver that made Kennsesaw mountain irrelevant.
6) Martin Luther King Jr National Historic Site
This site is dedicated to the life of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr and his accomplishments. Located in Atlanta it includes Dr. King’s grave.
7) Ocmulgee National Monument
This park contains the remains of an Indian civilization that lived in the area from 900 to 1100.