Francisco Franco was born December 4, 1892 in Ferrol Spain. In 1907 he enter the army. He became a Brigadier General in 1926 and in 1934 became the commander of the Spanish army. Two years later, Franco led a revolt against the elected government of Spain. That revolt turned into the Spanish Civil War, during which Franco received extensive aid from Hitler and Mussolini.
After winning the war, Franco became leader of the now one-party Spain, which he ruled until his death. In 1969, he nominated Prince Juan Carlos to succeed him as King of Spain.