Sun Yat- Sen
Sun Yat-Sen was born to well-to-do peasants, and attended Christian schools in China. He studied medicine in Hong Kong but fled China in 1895 after a failed revolt. In 1905, he returned to China to form a revolutionary society, the T'ung Men Hue. After the revolution of 1911, he was chosen president of the newly formed Chinese republic.
He resigned in favor of Yuan Shihkai, whom he felt was better able to unite the country. After Yuan displayed imperial ambitions, Sun founded a rival party, the Kuomintang. After failing to seize power in 1913, he fled to Japan, returning in 1917 to set up a rival government in Canton, which he headed until his death in 1925.
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