Nicholas II became Czar of Russia in 1894. He tried to maintain the absolute power of the Czar, and suppressed all opposition.
After the Revolution of 1905, he agreed to establish a Russian parliament, the Dumas, but this body was quickly dissolved. At the outbreak of World War I, he took personal command of the Russian Army.
When strikes and rioting broke out in Petrograd, Nicolas was forced to abdicate. He was executed by the Bolsheviks together with his wife, children and servants.