Major Events of 1931
- Japanese attack Manchuria
- Second Spanish Repulbic begins
- Empire State Building opens to the public
- Wiley Post sets a new World record for an around-the-world flight
Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens vs. Chicago Blackhawks Series: 3-2
US Open Golf: Billy Burke Score: 292 Course: Inverness Club Location: Toledo, OH
World Series: St. Louis Cardinals vs. Philadelphia A's Series: 4-3
The prize was awarded jointly to: BOSCH, CARL, Germany, Heidelberg University and I.G. Farbenindustrie A.G., Heidelberg, b. 1874, d. 1940; and BERGIUS, FRIEDRICH, Germany, Heidelberg University and I.G. Farbenindustrie A.G. Mannheim-Rheinau, b. 1884, d. 1949: "in recognition of their contributions to the invention and development of chemical high pressure methods"
KARLFELDT, ERIK AXEL, Sweden, b. 1864, d. 1931: "The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt"
The prize was divided equally between: ADDAMS, JANE, USA, b. 1860. d. 1935: Sociologist. International President of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. BUTLER, NICHOLAS MURRAY, USA, b. 1862, d. 1947: President of Columbia University. Promoter of the Briand-Kellogg Pact.
Physiology or Medicine
WARBURG, OTTO HEINRICH, Germany, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Max-Planck-Institut) fŸr Biologie, Berlin-Dahlem, b. 1883, d. 1970: "for his discovery of the nature and mode of action of the respiratory enzyme"
The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.
Drama: Susan Glaspell ... "Alison House"
Fiction: Margaret Ayer Barnes ... "Years of Grace"
History: Bernadotte E. Schmitt ... "The Coming of the War: 1914"
Public Service: "Atlanta Constitution"
1. Animal Crackers
2. Check and Double Check
4. City Lights
5. A Connecticut Yankee
6. Daddy Long Legs
7. Hell's Angels
8. Little Caesar
9. The Man Who Came Back
10. Min and Bill
Best Picture: "Grand Hotel"
Best Director: Frank Borzage ... "Bad Girl"
Best Actors: Wallace Beery ... "The Champ" & Fredric March ... "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde"
Best Acress: Helen Hayes ... "The Sin of Madelon Claudet"