Ernesto Miranda was arrested and convicted for the kidnapping and rape of an 18 year old girl. After being questioned for two hours, he signed a confession. In a 5-4 decision, the Supreme Court overruled the conviction, asserting that his conviction was obtained illegaly. Chief Justice Earl Warren, writing for the majority, explained that police must observe three rules when interrogating a suspect. The suspect must be informed that he or she has the right to remain silent, that anything he says can and will be used against him in a court of law and that he or she has the right to have an attorney present.