Postal Abbreviation: MD
Population 2020 6,177,224
Legal Driving Age: 18
(*16 w/ Driver's Ed.)
Age of Majority: 18
Median Age: 38.3
State Song: “Maryland! My Maryland”
Lyrics: James Ryder Randall
Music: to the tune of “Lauriger Horatius”
Median Household Income:$80,776
Entered Union..... Apr. 28, 1788 (7th)
Present Constitution Adopted: 1867
Nickname: Free State
Old Line State
“Fatti maschii, parole femine”
(Manly deeds, womanly words)
Origin of Name:
Was named by Lord Baltimore in honor of Quuen Mary (Henrietta Maria), wife of England's King Charles I.
AGRICULTURE: cattle, chickens,
corn, fruit, milk, soybeans.
MINING: clays, coals, sand, stone.
electronics, food processing,
machinery, printing, transportation
Total Area: 12,297 sq. miles
Land area: 9,775 sq. miles
Water Area: 2,522 sq. miles
Geographic Center: Prince Georges
4.5 mi. NW of Davidsonville
Highest Point: Backbone Mountain
Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean
Highest Recorded Temp.: 109˚ F (7/10/1936)
Lowest Recorded Temp.: –40˚ F (1/13/19
Maryland is divided into two by Chesapeake Bay. The land to the east of the Bay is called the Eastern Shore. The Western part of the state is crossed by the Appalachian, Blue Ridge and Allegheny mountains.
College Park, 30,413
1632 Charles I granted the second Lord Baltimore a charter for the land north of
1633 The Ark and Love arrive in Chesapeake Bay with 200 colonist.
1691 William and Mary declared Maryland a royal colony.
1729 Baltimore was founded.
1787 The Annapolis Conference takes place as a prelude to the summoning of
the constitution convention.
1788 Maryland became the seventh state to ratify the constitution.
1791 Maryland ceded land along the Potomac for the building of
1814 The Battle of Blandensburg is lost by US forces- The British fail to capture
Baltimore and the event is immortalized in the Star Spangled Banner
1828 Work was begun on the first railroad- the Baltimore and Ohio.
1844 The first telegraph linked Washington and Baltimore.
1845 The US Naval Academy then called the Naval School opened at Annapolis.
On April 19 1861, sixteen people die on the street of Baltimore when
Southern sympathizers attack the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment in route to
1862 September 16th the bloodiest day in US history occurred by the Antietam
creek in the battle by that name, over 20,000 Americans die that day.
John Wilkes Boothe
Charles Wilson Peale
Maryland National Sites
1) Antietam National Battlefield
The bloodiest day in American history took place here near Sharpsburg when Union and Confederate troops met on September 17, 1862.
2) Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
This park parallels the Potomac River from Cumberland Maryland to Washington DC.
3) Clara Barton National Historic Site
This site at Glen Echo was the home of Clara Barton the Civil War nurse and founder of the American Red Cross
4) Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine
The park in Baltimore Harbor is the fort the withstood the bombardment of the British fleet in the War of 1812. It was immortalized by Francis Scott Key in the poem that became the national anthem.
5) Fort Washington Park
This fort located across the Potomac River from George Washington Mount Vernon home was built after the War of 1812. It was abandoned in 1872
6) Hampton National Historic Site
This site in Towson Maryland is an historic mansion that was built by Charled Ridgely the iron magnate.